Community Benefit

Assessing and Addressing Community Health Needs

Developed in Collaboration with VHA and the Healthy Communities Institute

Updated in 2015 to align with final IRS rules issued on Dec. 31, 2014.

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Assessing community health needs and developing plans to address selected needs are essential to effective community benefit programs. This concept was reinforced by the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA), enacted March 23, 2010, which contains requirements for tax-exempt hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments (CHNAs) and to adopt implementation strategies (ISs) to meet the health needs identified through the assessments.

Assessing and Addressing Community Health Needs was developed to help not-for-profit health care organizations strengthen their assessment and community benefit planning processes. Using CHA's previous work, the experience of community benefit professionals and public health expertise, this book offers practical advice on how hospitals can work with community and public health partners to assess community health needs and develop effective strategies for improving health in our communities.

» PDF version of Assessing & Addressing Community Health Needs 2015 Edition II - FREE for CHA Members (Note: you must be logged in to open the PDF)



Summary of  CHNA and IS requirements and recommended practices (Jan. 2015) - A supplemental resource to Assessing and Addressing Community Health Needs

A concise overview of new federal requirements and recommended practices for tax-exempt hospitals to conduct community health needs assessments and adopt implementation strategies to address identified needs. This resource can be used to educate internal and external groups that play a vital role in supporting the hospital's assessment and community health improvement planning efforts such as hospital trustees, finance and marketing staff, local health departments and social service organizations. This resource has been updated to align with IRS final rules.

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For more information on CHNA and IS requirements, including a link to the IRS final rule visit the Compliance/Public Policy page. 

Visit the Resource Index page and look under "Planning for Community Benefit' for more assessment resources.

VHA MEMBERS: Don't forget to enter the special VHA-member promotion code to receive the discounted pricing. If you have forgotten the code, contact Sheari Carruth, (202) 354-2602.