Despite fashionable talk about "diversity," African Americans still have great
difficulty advancing in U.S. companies. Studies show that even those who rise
tend to get stuck in middle management, a result that has little to do with
talent or the lack of it. And those people of color who do eventually
become top executives usually require help from white mentors.
In any mentor-protégé relationship, the former typically offers the latter
three vital services:
- Advice on ways to increase technical proficiency (suggesting
relevant courses and seminars, for example).
- Help in polishing political skills (offering counsel
on what is and is not "done" in the workplace culture).
- Sponsorship vis a vis other managers and executives
(letting them know, in various subtle ways, that the protégé enjoys the mentor's
Because racism is a fact of life, minority protégés need such services even
more than white protégés do. But executives who would like to mentor minorities
should keep several possible complications in mind.
Negative Stereotypes Behave as if you expect your protégé to succeed.
Do not saddle him or her with putative ethnic characteristics.
Identification and Role Modeling Effective mentoring occurs when both
parties see something of themselves in each other. Look for your own good traits
in your protégé.
Skepticism about Intimacy Be clear about your goals. Some coworkers,
believing cross-racial work relationships impossible, may suggest that either
you or your protégé has an ulterior motive.
Public Scrutiny Because they are unusual, cross-racial relationships
attract attention, which can be distracting. Stay focused on what you want to
Peer Resentment Out of jealousy, your protégé's peers may try to drive
a wedge between you. Do what you can to help him or her resist such pressures.
From David A. Thomas, "Race Matters: The Truth about Mentoring Minorities,"
Harvard Business Review, April 2001, pp. 99-107.
The Art Of Downsizing
With the economy looking less robust every day, downsizing is becoming a much
more common occurrence in today's workplace. In fact, in January 2001, the outplacement
firm Challenger Gray & Christmas noted 142,208 layoffs in the United States,
the highest monthly total since 1993.
Sadly, companies have become so skilled at orchestrating layoffs that many
have forgotten that the process is more of an art than a science. "Organizations
that have been through [layoffs] several times think it's business as usual,"
says Tom Silveri, CEO of Drake Beam Morin. "This is not a process that should
be taken lightly."
Experts agree that communicating a clear plan for the personnel cut
is the first priority. Employees are stakeholders in the company and should
be treated with the same respect in the decision-making process. Once the need
for downsizing is apparent, organizations should decide, in conjunction with
division managers, which positions to cut so as not to lose employees with irreplaceable
expertise. Planners should also get input from all sides — including legal, human
resources, finance, operations, and public relations — to avoid mistakes or the
appearance of discrimination. Most important may be preparing the employees
who will be breaking the news — they need to know how to convey the message in
a calm and professional manner.
When it comes time to announce the layoffs formally, the organization should
accept responsibility. "It's easy to say the economy is going through
a down cycle," says Alan Downs, a former downsizing specialist. "But one of
the most effective things to say is 'we goofed.'" Most consultants suggest breaking
the news early in the day and early in the week — avoiding holidays — and to keep
the meetings short and stress that the decision is not personal. In addition,
an employee's manager should convey the news, not a faceless corporate axman.
Finally, communication with survivors is critical. "The worst thing
managers can do is what they want to do, which is hide in the office," says
Joan Caruso, managing director at the Ayers Group. Those staying with the company
need to be fully aware of any changes in their jobs or their managers' expectations.
Leaders may also have to "re-sell" the organization's vision and future outlook.
"Part of laying off people is recruiting those who stay," says Jacques Leger,
managing consultant at Watson Wyatt.
From Matthew Boyle, "The Not-So-Fine Art of the Layoff," Fortune,
March 19, 2001, pp. 209-210.
Copyright © 2001 by the Catholic Health Association of the United States
For reprint permission, contact Betty Crosby or call (314) 253-3477.